Interactive Applet |
You can move the points A, B and C (click on the point and drag it).
Press the keys “+” and “−” to zoom in or zoom out the visualization window and use the arrow keys to translate it.
You can also construct all centers related with this one (as described in ETC) using the “Run Macro Tool”. To do this, click on the icon _{}, select the center name from the list and, then, click on the vertices A, B and C successively.
Information from Kimberling's Encyclopedia of Triangle Centers |
Trilinears 1 + sec A/2 cos B/2 cos C/2 : 1 + sec B/2 cos C/2 cos A/2 : 1 + sec C/2 cos A/2 cos B/2
Barycentrics g(A,B,C) : g(B,C,A) : g(C,A,B), where g(A,B,C) = (sin A)(1 + sec A/2 cos B/2 cos C/2)If X is a point not between A and B, we make a detour of magnitude |AX| + |XB| - |AB| if we walk from A to B via X; then a point has the equal detour property if the magnitudes of the three detours, A to B via X, B to C via X, and C to A via X, are equal; X(176) is the only such point unless ABC has an angle greater than 2*arcsin(4/5), and then X(175) also has the equal detour property. Yff found that X(176) is also is the center of the inner Soddy circle. The following construction was found by Elkies: call two circles within ABC companion circles if they are the incircles of two triangles formed by dividing ABC into two smaller triangles by passing a line through one of the vertices and some point on the opposite side; chain of circles O(1), O(2), ... such that O(n),O(n+1) are companion incircles for every n consists of at most six distinct circles; there is a unique chain consisting of only three distinct circles; and for this chain, the three subdividing lines concur in X(176).
G. R. Veldkamp, "The isoperimetric point and the point(s) of equal detour," American Mathematical Monthly 92 (1985) 546-558.
Noam D. Elkies and Jiro Fukuta, Problem E 3236 and Solution, American Mathematical Monthly 97 (1990) 529-531 [proposed 1987].
X(176) lies on these lines: 1,7 8,1271 174,1143 226,1132 489,664 651,1124
X(176) = X(8)-Ceva conjugate of X(175)
X(176) = X(664)-beth conjugate of X(176)
X(176) = {X(1),X(7)}-harmonic conjugate of X(175)