DYNAMIC SYNTHESIS OF THE ROTARY CAM AND TRANSLATED TAPPET WITH ROLL

Florian Ion Petrescu, Relly Victoria Petrescu

Resumo


This paper presents an original method to determine the dynamic parameters at the camshaft (the distribution mechanisms). The authors introduce a new pressure angle, alpha, and a new method to determine the two pressure angles, alpha and delta, at the rotary cam and tappet with translational motion with roll, with a great precision. We determine initially the mass moment of inertia  (mechanical) of the mechanism, reduced to the element of rotation, ie at cam (basically using kinetic energy conservation, the system 1). The rotary cam with translated follower with roll (Figure 1), is synthesized dynamic. We considered the law of motion of the tappet classic version already used the cosine law (both ascending and descending). The angular velocity is a function of the cam position (j) but also its rotation speed (2). Where ωm is the nominal angular velocity of cam and express at the distribution mechanisms based on the motor shaft speed (3). We start the simulation with a classical law of motion, namely the cosine law. To climb cosine law system is expressed by relations (4). With the relation (5) is expressed the first derivative of the reduced mechanical moment of inertia. It is necessary to determine the angular acceleration (6). Relations (2) and (6) a general nature and is basically two original equations of motion crucial for mechanical mechanisms. For a rotary cam and translated tappet with roll mechanism (without valve), dynamic movement tappet is expressed by equation (7). Where x is the dynamic movement of the pusher, while s is its normal, kinematics movement. K is the spring constant of the system, and k is the spring constant of the tappet spring. It note, with x0 the tappet spring preload, with mT the mass of the tappet, with ω the angular rotation speed of the cam (or camshaft), where s’ is the first derivative in function of j of the tappet movement, s. Differentiating twice successively, the expression (7) in the angle j, we obtain a reduced tappet speed (equation 8), and reduced tappet acceleration (9). Further the acceleration of the tappet can be determined directly real (dynamic) using the relation (10). For a good work one proposes to make a new geometro-kinematics synthesis of the cam profile, using some new relationships (16).

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22409/engevista.v15i3.491